This brief paper outlines relationship legislation in brand New Zealand.

This brief paper outlines relationship legislation in brand New Zealand.


It identifies overseas jurisdictions where same-sex marriage is either legal or being considered.

Brand New Zealand

A wedding may be the formalisation of a relationship between a guy and a female, relative to the Marriage Act 1955. In Quilter v Attorney General 1998 1 NZLR 523 the Court of Appeal held that the Act relates to marriage between a guy and a lady just, and therefore this doesn’t represent discrimination. Underneath the Civil Union Act 2004 an union that is civil be entered into by partners for the same-sex or by partners of various sexes. “‘De facto partners’ have been in numerous crucial respects treated in identical method as maried people and civil union couples”. 1

Marriages and civil unions 2005 – 2012

Through the quarter of 2005 to September 2012 there were 170,604 marriages registered june. These fluctuated between 23,918 in 2008 and 22,431 last year. Throughout the exact same duration there had been 2,870 civil unions registered in New Zealand (2012 numbers are provisional). The initial unions that are civil celebrated on 29 April 2005, and fluctuated between 430 in 2006 and 338 in 2010.

Mexico revised their code that is civil to same-sex partners to marry in December 2009.

Developments in chosen jurisdictions

Commonwealth – Senate

Two personal users’ bills proposing amendments towards the Marriage Act 1961 to permit marriage that is same-sex been introduced into the Senate.

The Marriage Equality Amendment Bill 2010 ended up being introduced on 29 September 2010 by Greens Senator Sarah Hanson-Young. It proposes amending the Marriage Act 1961 in order that wedding is described as:

“the union of a couple, aside from their sex, intimate orientation or sex identification, into the exclusion of all of the other people, voluntarily joined into for life.”

The bill ended up being introduced into the Senate Legal and Constitutional Affairs Legislation Committee which reported straight back on 25 2012 june. The Committee suggested that this is of wedding within the bill must be amended to suggest “the union of two different people, to your exclusion of most other people, voluntarily joined into for life”. The Committee highly supported the bill and suggested so it be debated and passed away into law using the amendments recommended. The Marriage Equality Amendment Bill 2010 remains prior to the Senate.

The Marriage Amendment Bill (No.2) 2012, introduced within the Senate on 10 2012, was negatived at its second reading september.

Commonwealth – Home of Representatives

Two Private people’ bills had been introduced within the House of Representatives on 13 February 2012. The Marriage Equality Amendment Bill 2012, introduced by Greens MP Adam Bandt utilizing the help of Independent MP Andrew Wilkie, proposes substituting the exact same concept of wedding as proposed by the Senate bill on its introduction. The Marriage Amendment Bill 2012 ended up being introduced by work MP Stephen Jones. The item associated with the Marriage Amendment Bill 2012 ended up being “to ensure access that is equal wedding for several adult couples regardless of intercourse who possess a shared commitment to a provided life”. The bill proposed repealing the present concept of wedding into the Marriage Act and substituting the after text:

“marriage means the union of a couple, aside from their intercourse, towards the exclusion of all of the other people, voluntarily joined into for life.”

The Marriage Amendment Bill 2012 was negatived at its reading that is second on September 2012.

The House Standing Committee on Social Policy and Legal Affairs inquired into both the Marriage Equality Amendment Bill 2012 while the Marriage Amendment Bill 2012. The Committee reported right right back on adult friedn finder 18 June 2012.

A married relationship Equality Bill had been introduced within the Legislative Council of Southern Australia 15 February 2012 by Greens MP Tammy Franks. Premier Jay Weatherill announced their support when it comes to bill in August.

On 4 2012, Tasmanian Premier Lara Giddings issued a press release stating that the Parliamentary Labor Party had announced “its support for legislation to grant marriage equality for same-sex couples in Tasmania” august. The Same-Sex Marriage Bill passed its 3rd reading in Tasmania’s home of Assembly on 30 August 2012 but ended up being negatived into the Legislative Council the month that is following. A factsheet in the bill can be obtained.

Further reading

Mary Anne Neilsen marriage that is same-sex Parliamentary Library (February 2012).

Karina Anthony and Talina Drabsch Legal recognition of same-sex relationships New Southern Wales Parliamentary Library analysis provider (June 2006).

England and Wales

In June 2012 the Home workplace closed their Equal Civil Marriage Consultation in the Government’s proposals make it possible for same-sex partners to possess a civil wedding. Present legislation enables same-sex partners to come into a civil partnership not marriage that is civil.

The main element proposals associated with the assessment had been:

  • to allow same-sex partners to own a marriage i.e that is civil. Only ceremonies that are civil a register office or authorized premises ( such as for instance a resort)
  • which will make no modifications to spiritual marriages. No spiritual organization will need to conduct same-sex spiritual marriages as a consequence of these proposals
  • to hold civil partnerships for same-sex couples and permit partners currently in a civil partnership to transform this into a married relationship
  • civil partnership registrations on spiritual premises will stay since is presently feasible in other words. for a voluntary foundation for faith teams along with no spiritual content
  • people will, when it comes to very first time, find a way lawfully to improve their sex and never have to end their wedding.

In July 2012 the Scottish Government announced its intention to legislate to permit marriage that is same-sex. A draft bill for assessment happens to be posted later when you look at the 12 months.

The Scottish Government’s consultation on same-sex wedding while the enrollment of civil partnership went between 2 September and 9 December 2011.

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